Recently the US has been involved in a dispute against many countries like China and Iran. But nowadays the US has been involved in a spat with its Nato ally that is Turkey but how far can the US go against Turkey??
Recently the US has been involved in a dispute against many countries like China and Iran. But nowadays the US has been involved in a spat with its Nato ally that is Turkey but how far can the US go against Turkey??. This the major bone of contention between the two Nato allies.
Details about the Issue:
The most important issue is the S-400 defense system which turkey bought from Russia. The system is a Surface-to-air missile system. The Americans have strongly opposed this deal because this would put Russian technology inside the territory of a key NATO ally. Secondly, Russian engineers would be required to install the system which the Americans fear more. The timeline of events is as follows:
July 25, 2017 - President Tayyip Erdogan says Turkey has made progress in plans to procure the S-400 missile defense system and signatures have been signed.
Dec 12, 2017 - Russia has offered Turkey partial financing for Ankara’s purchase of the air defense systems, Interfax news agency reports, citing a Russian presidential aide.
Dec 27, 2017 - The head of Russia’s Rostec corporation Sergei Chemzov says the S-400 contract is worth $2.5 billion, according to Kommersant daily.
Dec 29, 2017 - Turkey and Russia have signed an accord regarding supply of the systems, CNN Turk and other media said.
June 19, 2018 - A U.S. Senate committee passes a spending bill including a provision to block Turkey’s purchase of Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter jets unless it drops the plan to buy the S-400s.
March 28, 2019 - U.S. Senators introduce a bipartisan bill to prohibit the transfer of F-35 fighter aircraft to Turkey until the U.S. government certifies that Ankara will not take delivery of the S-400s.
April 3, 2019 - Turkey proposes to the United States to form a working group to determine that the S-400s do not pose a threat to U.S. or NATO military equipment.
June 7, 2019 - The United States decides to stop accepting any additional Turkish pilots to train on F-35 fighter jets.
June 11, 2019 - Training by Turkish pilots on F-35 fighter jets has come to a faster-than-expected halt at a U.S. airbase in Arizona, U.S. officials said, as the United States winds down Ankara’s involvement in the program.
July 12, 2019 - Turkey’s defense ministry said the first parts of the S-400 systems were delivered to Ankara. Delivery complete till 26 July
July 18, 2019 - The United States said it was removing Turkey from the F-35 program; Ellen Lord, Undersecretary of Defense for acquisition and sustainment said Turkey would no longer receive more than $9 billion in projected work.
The United States has placed sanctions but of no use, the matter is still unsolved.
The second most important issue is that Turkey has launched offense against the Kurdish led forces in the border areas of Syria. The Kurds forces had helped America in fighting the Islamic but Turkish term as Terrorist and want to create a neutral zone for the Syrian refugees living in turkey in these areas. The offense was launched the moment America decided to leave Syria. Many people have been displaced and killed as a result of this assault by Turkey. The Kurds were considered coalition partners of America.
America's Interests In Turkey:
The Americans are in dialogue with Turks regarding the issue of the defense system for a long time. Although Turkey is standing firm, America desperately wants to resolve this due following reasons:
1. Turkey is an important NATO ally of the region keeping its important geo-strategic location and its role in the Syrian crisis.
2. Secondly, Turkey borders European union which means any Russia related stuff can target any European country.
3. Thirdly losing Turkey is not an option especially against Russia because Turkey is a major player in the Middle East as well as of Nato. If Turkey leaves the Nato bloc and joins Russian bloc it would a Catastrophy for America because Russia would be able to reach the European States.
1. Firstly, standing firm against a superpower means Turkey is trying to become a major power.
2. Secondly dealing in equal footing with both Russia and America means that Turkey wants itself to be heard.
3. Thirdly, Turkey wants the best of both powers so that it becomes the uncontested leader of the region. And taking advantage of its own Geostrategic location, Turkey is in a good position to bargain more from both powers, Especially America.
4. Fourthly Turkey was greatly affected by last year's economic recession. and if the sanctions continue further it would greatly affect the fragile economy. So Turkey too would want the Issues to be settled.
1. Firstly, by giving air defense technology to Turkey Russia may be able to know about F-35.
2. Secondly, Russia wants to ally with Turkey because it is an important Nato ally.
3. Thirdly Russia wants to increase its influence in the region and would come near the European countries and its technologies.
Both Turkey and America have been in constant dialogue. The presidents of both countries have met several times and again and again, have shown great eagerness to resolve the issue. Both countries realize the importance of each other and I believe soon one of these countries would have to fall for the demands of other. We would just to just wait patiently.